Earlier, it used to be that if a tooth was infected or the nerve in the tooth was dying, the tooth would have to be extracted. Today, because of root canal treatment the infection can be treated, the injured nerve taken out and the pain associated with such symptoms can be alleviated
Endodontic therapy or root canal therapy is a sequence of treatment for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion.
Root canals and their associated pulp chamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities which together constitute the dental pulp.
Endodontic therapy involves the removal of these structures, the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions, and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals with an inert filling such as gutta-percha is done and later on it is covered with a filling followed by placing a cap to preserve its strength.
Root canal treatment helps to remove the pulp tissue, which is composed of a nerve and blood supply within the tooth. After all the material has been removed from within the root, the canal or canals (if it is a multi rooted tooth) are sterilized and sealed with a material that prevents bacteria from re-entering.
Because a root canal removes everything which feeds the tooth and keeps it alive, the tooth will become very brittle after a period of time. This time period varies from person to person. It is for this reason that the tooth should be restored as quickly as possible and your dentist might recommend that a post and a crown be placed as a final restoration. Back teeth are usually crowned or capped shortly after a root canal has been performed to prevent the tooth from shattering due to the pressure put on it by chewing.
With successful root canal treatment, the tooth will no longer cause pain. However, because it does not contain an internal nerve, it no longer has sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweets. Because these are signs of dental decay, the root canal recipient must receive regular dental check-ups with periodic x rays to avoid further disease in the tooth. The restored tooth may last a lifetime. However, with routine wear, the filling or crown may sometimes need to be replaced.
The dentists at Care Dental will best guide and treat you through such procedures.